COVID-19 Information

COVID-19 Information

Last updated: May 23, 2022

*** Airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older, regardless of vaccination status or citizenship, must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within one calendar day of travel.  Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.  Please contact ACSKigali@state.gov if you have any questions regarding this requirement.

Country-Specific Information

  • Kigali International Airport is open.
  • Negative rapid antigen test results taken within 72 hours of departure are required to board a plane to Kigali, and an additional rapid test will be taken upon arrival at own cost.
  • Travelers departing Rwanda must test (rapid or PCR depending on requirements at destination) negative for COVID-19 within 72 hours before departure. All departing Rwandans must be vaccinated.  Please note that if your destination is the United States, you will need to receive a rapid test one calendar day prior to your departure (stricter than Rwandan exit requirements).
  • Masks/face coverings are not mandatory outdoors but are recommended indoors.
  • The Government of Rwanda has a zero-tolerance policy for exporting positive COVID-19 cases. If you test positive for COVID-19 upon arrival or during your time in Rwanda (even if you are fully vaccinated), the severity of your symptoms will determine whether you are isolated in a government-run treatment center or a hotel at your own cost. You will not be permitted to leave Rwanda until you receive a negative test result. The U.S. Embassy cannot pressure the Rwandan health authorities to release you from isolation or permit you to exit Rwanda until you receive a negative test result.  Your vaccination status does not change these protocols.

COVID-19 Testing

  • Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Rwanda? Yes
  • If so, are test results reliably available within one calendar day? Yes for rapid antigen tests
  • U.S. citizens should consult the Rwanda Biomedical Center’s (RBC) for information about all testing requirements, to include arrival and departure. Their website is here.
  • PCR tests can be booked online through the online platform Irembo, found here and are conducted at Camp Kigali, in central Kigali next to the Serena Hotel. PCR tests cost approximately $50 (or RWF 47,200). Payment is required for U.S. citizens and the U.S. Embassy recommends paying with credit card or cash at the testing site. PCR test results are generally delivered within 48 hours via text message (results only) and through the RBC’s COVID-19 Test Results Portal here.
  • RBC offers rapid antigen testing without appointment at dozens of accredited private hospitals/clinics throughout Rwanda. Rapid antigen tests cost approximately $5 (RWF 5,000). A complete list of accredited private clinics offering this service is found here. Rapid antigen test results are available shortly after the sample is taken and are delivered in person and/or via text message.

COVID-19 Vaccine Information:

  • Has the government of Rwanda approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Yes
  • Are vaccines available in Rwanda for U.S. citizens to receive? Yes
  • Which vaccines are available in Rwanda? Rwanda has several WHO-approved vaccines.
  • Rwandan citizens and residents must be fully vaccinated in order to access public places (including public transport).
  • Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
  • The United States Government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas.  Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.

Entry and Exit Requirements

  •  Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Yes
    – The Rwanda Biomedical Center (RBC) website is the source of detailed guidance for travelers to Rwanda and is located here. U.S. citizens are encouraged to read the “Info Note for Passengers”, with the link located on the left side of RBC’s website.
    – All travelers arriving in Rwanda must complete the Passenger Locator Form and upload the negative COVID-19 test certificate before their departure to Rwanda. The Passenger Locator Form is available on the left side of RBC’s website here.
  • Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
    – Arriving passengers at Kigali International Airport must present a negative rapid antigen test taken within 72 hours of departure for Rwanda. An additional rapid test will be taken upon arrival at the traveler’s own cost (approximately $5.00), payable through the passenger locator form or in cash/credit card upon arrival.
    – COVID-19 testing is not required for accompanied children under 5 years old.
  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
    – Travelers will be tested for COVID-19 upon arrival at Kigali International Airport (rapid test). The payment for the test at the airport is $5.00. The payment is to be made online or by cash upon arrival.
    – Transit passengers who are not leaving the airport will be screened upon entry and are not required to test upon arrival.
    – If a traveler’s test result is positive for COVID-19 (even if asymptomatic or if the traveler is already vaccinated) while in Rwanda, they will be treated as indicated in the National COVID-19 Management Guidelines until they have fully recovered. All treatment is at the expense of the traveler.
  • Departing passengers at Kigali International Airport must present a negative rapid or PCR test result (depending on the requirements of the destination) taken within 72 hours of departure from Rwanda. If the destination does not require a COVID-19 test to enter, a rapid test taken 72 hours of departure will be required. Passengers departing Rwanda are advised to print out the travel certificate available through the COVID-19 Test Results Portal and hand carry them to enter the airport for departure.
  • All requests for visa extensions for residents and/or tourists should be addressed to the Rwanda Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration. Their website is here.

Movement Restrictions

  • Is a curfew in place? No
  • Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No

Quarantine Information 

  • Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? No

Transportation Options

  • Are commercial flights operating? Yes
  • Is public transportation operating? Yes
    • Buses are permitted to operate at full capacity. All passengers must be vaccinated.

Fines for Non-Compliance 

  • Violations of COVID-19 restrictions may face punishments ranging from fines of up to RWF 50,000 and/or up to five days in police custody (depending on the violation). 

Consular Operations

  • The U.S. Embassy is offering routine appointments to U.S. citizens. Please go to https://rw.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/ to learn about the services and how to schedule an appointment.
  • The U.S. Embassy is offering visa appointments for citizens and residents of Rwanda.

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